Portal to the Thai Forest Tradition
Thai Forest Monks
Buddhism is estimated to be some 2500 years old. As it spread, different schools arose. There are now essentially at least three Buddhisms based on different scriptural canons. There is Theravāda Buddhism based on the Pāli Canon, the East Asian tradition, centered on the Chinese Canon, and Tibetan tradition centered on the Tibetan Canon [ref. Buddhist Religions, a Historical Introduction, Robinson, Johnson, and Thanissaro (eds.), Fifth Edition, pg. xxi].
For general background reference material on Buddhism, see:
- Bhante Shravasti Dhammika's Guide To Buddhism A to Z (with its Alphabetical Index, Subject Index, and reference Abbreviations).
- Wikipedia's Glossary of Buddhism.
- The massive Encyclopedia of Buddhism available via the massive library at A Handful of Leaves.
The oldest complete set of scriptures is the Pali Canon. The Thai Forest Tradition arose at the end of the 19th century as a deliberate attempt to focus on the practice of meditation as described in these early suttas. It is relatively new and, perhaps, also very old indeed.
- Thai Forest Tradition (Wikipedia)
- Thai Forest Tradition (Forest Dhamma Monastery)
- Significance of the Forest Tradition (forestSangha)
- Thai Forest Tradition (Abayagiri)
- About the Thai Forest Tradition (Thai Forest Dhamma)
- Kammatthana (kammatthana.com)
- The Mindful Way – The Buddhist Forest Tradition (YouTube - 1979 BBC Ajahn Chah documentary - 19:01)
- Our Life is Like Our Breath (YouTube - life at Ajahn Chah's Wat Nong Pa Pong - 44:06)
- The Thai Buddhist Forest: Thudong (YouTube - beautiful slide show with excellent music - 1:10:21)
An excellent biographical account of a Thudong monk is Bhikkhu Khantipalo - With Robes and Bowl, Glimpses of the Thudong Bhikkhu Life
- HTML (via Access to Insight),
- PDF (via Buddhanet.net's Buddhist eLibrary )
As much as can easily be written of the thudong bhikkhu's life is contained in these sketches. Just as the flavor of soup is not to be told even in one thousand pages, so the real flavor of this Ancient Way cannot be conveyed by words. Soup is to be tasted: the thudong life is to be lived.
In addition to information about Shakyamuni Buddha's original disciples, our Biographies section includes material on the lives of several significant Forest Tradition pioneers.
Ajahn Chah was extremely influential as the teacher of many Western monks—see Wikipedia's Forest Tradition of Ajahn Chah. Ajahn Jayasaro also has numerous videos discussing his biography—see our Web page, Ajahn Chah YouTube links.
For more extensive biographical and teaching materials, an excellent place to start is the The Thai Forest Traditions webpage located on the Northern Kentucky University website (where Access to Insight material is formatted differently from the ATI legacy website). It provides access to numerous books and articles by (and about) the following Thai Forest Tradition teachers:
- From the Kammatthana tradition:
- Phra Ajaan Sao Kantasilo (1861-1941)
- Phra Ajaan Mun Bhuridatta (1870-1949)
- Phra Ajaan Thate Desaransi (1902-1994)
- Phra Ajaan Lee Dhammadharo (1907-1961)
- Phra Ajaan Khamdee Pabhaso (1902-1984)
- Phra Ajaan Sim Buddhacaro (1909-1992)
- Phra Ajaan Maha Boowa Ñanasampanno (1913-2011)
- Phra Ajaan Fuang Jotiko (1915-1986)
- Phra Ajaan Chah (1918-1992)
- Phra Ajaan Suwat Suvaco (1919-2001)
- From other Thai forest traditions:
Ajahn Hāsapañño's website, Wide Angle Lens - on the Thai Wilderness Tradition of Buddhism is well worth a visit.
This site focuses on the richness of the Thai Wilderness Tradition of Buddhism, with the aim of presenting some of the foundational influences of the tradition, along with lesser known dimensions of the characters, teachings, stories and lives of some of the greatest saints of modern times.
It includes the following Ajahn Hāsapañño translations:
- Somdet Phra Wanrut (Tup Buddhasiri)
- Saṅkhitt'ovād: Exhortations in Brief (52 pp., 0.7 MB)
- Tan Chao Khun Upālī Guṇūpamājahn
- Luang Pu Waen Suciṇṇo
- The Life and Teachings of Luang Pu Waen Suciṇṇo (321 pp., 12.8 MB)
- Luang Pu Dteu Acaladhammo
- The Heart of Buddhism (25 pp., 1.5 MB)
- Luang Pu Fun Ācāro
Additionally, translated from the Thai by Sāmaṇerī Viveka, there is:
- Luang Por Guṇha Sukhakāmo
- Manasikāradhamma - Dhamma for Reflection (52 pp., 2.6 MB)
Ajahn Sao Kantasilo Mahathera (1861-1941) established the Kammatthana tradition at the beginning of the twentieth century. Many of the most significant teachers of the tradition were disciples of his student, Ajahn Mun Bhuridatta (1870-1949), as listed in the following table:
These data are based, in part, on a table in Stanley Jeyaraja Tambiah's book, The Buddhist Saints of the Forest and the Cult of Amulets, Cambridge University Press, 1984, pg. 133 [PDF here].
To put the Forest Tradition into a broader context, consult thaibuddhism.net, where we are told:
After examining several websites attempting to address the topic of Buddhism in Thailand, the Center for Southeast Asian Studies at Northern Illinois University contacted us for assistance. This website was developed to meet the needs of students and teachers of various levels with a growing curiosity about Thai Buddhism. When you try and make sense out of what you have read and what is actually practiced, the subject of Buddhism can seem pretty daunting. We hope to help present some of the dimensions of Buddhist spirituality in Thailand and offer links and information on other resources to assist people with more serious studies. It is our hope that as you explore this site, novices as well as seasoned scholars may find something of interest.
At the very least, check out their Aspects page; it answers many questions about Thai Buddhism.
Finally, for those who wish to explore the 'Deep Roots' of early Buddhism, we provide the following two Web pages: